usa presidential election

ZEIT ONLINE collected votes as part of its global US election poll. While the majority have backed the Democrats, bots are a different story altogether. The US presidential election system is quite complicated. First of all, during the summer before the presidential election, each party decides. Dec 17, The US presidential election system is quite complicated. First of all, during the summer before the presidential election, each party decides.

Usa Presidential Election Video

Election Night 2016 - Highlights

Most media outlets announced the beginning of the presidential race about twenty months prior to Election Day. Soon after the first contestants declared their candidacy, Larry Sabato listed Virginia, Colorado, Iowa, New Hampshire, Florida, Nevada, and Ohio as the seven states most likely to be contested in the general election.

After Donald Trump clinched the Republican presidential nomination, many pundits felt that the major campaign locations might be different from what had originally been expected.

Rust Belt states such as Pennsylvania , Wisconsin , and even Michigan were thought to be in play with Trump as the nominee, while states with large minority populations, such as Colorado and Virginia , were expected to shift towards Clinton.

According to Politico [] and the online blog, his path to victory went through states such as Florida, North Carolina, Nevada, New Hampshire, and possibly Colorado.

Early polling indicated a closer-than-usual race in former Democratic strongholds such as Washington , Delaware , New Jersey , Connecticut , Maine for the two statewide electoral votes , and New Mexico.

Some reviews took this information as evidence of an expanded 'swing-state map'. A consensus among political pundits developed throughout the primary election season regarding swing states.

Trump's primary campaign was propelled by victories in Democratic states, and his supporters often did not identify as Republican.

For example, Utah was the reddest state in , although the Republican share was boosted significantly by the candidacy of Mormon candidate Mitt Romney.

Media reports indicated that both candidates planned to concentrate on Florida, Pennsylvania, Ohio and North Carolina.

These generally rate the race by the likelihood for each party to win a state. As the parameters of the race established themselves, analysts converged on a narrower list of contested states, which were relatively similar to those of recent elections.

Additionally, a district from each of Maine and Nebraska were considered to be coin flips. Clinton won states like New Mexico by less than 10 percentage points.

States won by Obama in the contest , such as Ohio 18 , Iowa 6 , and Maine's second district 1 , were also won by Trump.

The close result in Maine was not expected by most commentators, nor were Trump's victory of over 10 points in the second district and their disparities.

After the conventions of the national parties, candidates from the main parties carried out trips to the states: Results by vote distribution among states.

The size of each state's pie chart is proportional to its number of electoral votes. Red denotes counties that went to Trump; blue denotes counties that went to Clinton.

Results by county, shaded according to winning candidate's percentage of the vote Red-Purple-Blue view. United States presidential election, cartogram.

The voter survey is based on exit polls completed by 24, voters leaving voting places throughout the United States on Election Day , in addition to 4, telephone interviews with early and absentee voters.

The election also represented the first time that Republicans performed better among lower-income whites than among affluent white voters.

Meanwhile, Trump increased his lead with non-Hispanic white voters through 1 percent over Mitt Romney's performance, and American Indians , Alaska Natives , and Pacific Islanders shifted their support towards the Republican candidate using the same relative amount.

However, "more convincing data" [] from the polling firm Latino Decisions indicates that Clinton received a higher share of the Hispanic vote, and Trump a lower share, than the Edison exit polls showed.

Various methods were used to forecast the outcome of the election. These models mostly showed a Democratic advantage since the nominees were confirmed, and were supported by pundits and statisticians, including Nate Silver of FiveThirtyEight, Nate Cohn at The New York Times , and Larry Sabato from the Crystal Ball newsletter, who predicted a Democratic victory in competitive presidential races and projected consistent leads in several battleground states around the country.

However, FiveThirtyEight's model pointed to the possibility of an Electoral College-popular vote split widening in the final weeks based on Trump's improvement in swing states like Florida or Pennsylvania.

This was due to the demographics targeted by Trump's campaign which lived in big numbers there, in addition to Clinton's poor performance in several of those swing states in comparison with Obama's performance in , as well as having a big number of her potential voters in very populated traditionally 'blue' states, but also in some very populated states traditionally 'red', like Texas, which were projected safe for Trump.

Early exit polls generally favored Clinton. Three states Pennsylvania, Wisconsin and Michigan which were considered to be part of Clinton's firewall , were won by Trump.

This result stands in contrast to the results , when President Obama won all but Indiana , which he carried in This table displays the final polling average published by Real Clear Politics on November 7, the actual electoral margin, and the over-performance by either candidate relative to the polls.

Many pollsters were puzzled by the failure of mainstream forecasting models to predict the outcome of the election.

The sole exception was Maine's 2nd congressional district. Trump's victory, considered unlikely by most forecasts, [] [] [] [] [] was characterized as an "upset" and as "shocking" by the media.

Following the announcement of Trump's election, large protests broke out across the United States with some continuing for several days.

Protesters have held up a number of different signs and chanted various shouts including "Not my president" and "We don't accept the president-elect".

High school and college students walked out of classes to protest. At some protests fires were lit, flags and other items were burned and people yelled derogatory remarks about Trump.

Rioters also broke glass at certain locations. After the election, computer scientists, including J. Alex Halderman , the director of the University of Michigan Center for Computer Security and Society, urged the Clinton campaign to request an election recount in Wisconsin, Michigan, and Pennsylvania three swing states where Trump had won narrowly for the purpose of excluding the possibility that the hacking of electronic voting machines had influenced the recorded outcome.

Donald Trump and New Hampshire governor Chris Sununu both complained that liberal voters from Massachusetts were illegally bused into New Hampshire for the election, and Scott Brown blamed the same phenomenon for losing his senate race in They found that in every case, field inspectors were able to determine that the voters were from New Hampshire, though they were riding a bus operated by an out-of-state company which has its name and address written on the outside of the bus, presumably the source of the confusion.

On November 23, Green Party presidential candidate Jill Stein launched a public fundraiser to pay for recounts in Wisconsin , Michigan , and Pennsylvania , asserting that the election's outcome had been affected by hacking in those states; Stein did not provide evidence for her claims.

Stein filed for a recount in Wisconsin on November 25, [] after which Clinton campaign general counsel Marc Elias stated that their campaign would join Stein's recount efforts in that state and possibly others "in order to ensure the process proceeds in a manner that is fair to all sides.

President-elect Donald Trump issued a statement denouncing Stein's Wisconsin recount request saying, "The people have spoken and the election is over.

District Judge Mark Goldsmith ordered a halt to the recount in Michigan on December 7, dissolving a previous temporary restraining order against the Michigan Board of Elections that allowed the recount to continue, stating in his order: Instead, they present speculative claims going to the vulnerability of the voting machinery — but not actual injury.

District Judge Paul Diamond rejected an appeal by the Green Party and Jill Stein to force a recount in Pennsylvania, stating that suspicion of a hacked Pennsylvania election "borders on the irrational" and that granting the Green Party's recount bid could "ensure that no Pennsylvania vote counts" given the December 13, , federal deadline to certify the vote for the Electoral College.

The recounts in Wisconsin and Nevada were completed on schedule, resulting in only minor changes to vote tallies. A subsequent state audit found no evidence of voter fraud and concluded that the mistakes, which were "almost entirely" caused by poll-worker mistakes attributed to poor training, did not impair "the ability of Detroit residents to cast a ballot and have their vote counted.

Intense lobbying in one case involving claims of harassment and death threats [] and grass-roots campaigns have been directed at various GOP electors of the United States Electoral College [] to convince a sufficient number of them 37 to not vote for Trump, thus precluding a Trump presidency.

US to provide pro bono legal counsel as well as a secure communications platform for members of the Electoral College who are regarding a vote of conscience against Trump.

Williams castigated Democratic electors who had filed a lawsuit in Federal court to have the state law binding them to the popular vote in their case for Hillary Clinton overturned.

On December 10, ten electors, in an open letter headed by Christine Pelosi to the Director of National Intelligence James Clapper , demanded an intelligence briefing [] [] in light of Russian interference in the election to help Trump win the presidency.

On December 19, several electors voted against their pledged candidates: The th United States Congress officially certified the results on January 6, In the Electoral College vote on December 19, for the first time since , multiple faithless electors voted against their pledged qualified presidential candidate.

Likewise, for the first time since , [e] multiple faithless electors voted against the pledged qualified vice presidential candidate.

Of the faithless votes, Colin Powell and Elizabeth Warren were the only two to receive more than one; Powell received three electoral votes for President and Warren received two for Vice President.

Sanders is the first Jewish American to receive an electoral vote for President. LaDuke is the first Green Party member to receive an electoral vote, and Paul is the third member of the Libertarian Party to do so, following the party's presidential and vice-presidential nominees each getting one vote in It is the first election with faithless electors from more than one political party.

The seven people to receive electoral votes for president were the most in a single election since , and more than any other election since the enactment of the Twelfth Amendment in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

For related races, see United States elections, Presidential election results map. Numbers indicate electoral votes allotted to the winner of each state.

United States presidential election. President of the United States. Business projects in Russia Election interference timeline Links of associates with Russian officials Steele dossier Trump Tower meeting Trump Tower wiretapping allegations Classified information disclosure Special Counsel investigation Republican Party presidential primaries, Republican Party presidential candidates, Republican Party vice presidential candidate selection, Democratic Party presidential primaries, Democratic Party presidential candidates, Democratic Party vice presidential candidate selection, Gary Johnson, Libertarian Party.

Jill Stein, Green Party. Evan McMullin presidential campaign, Darrell Castle, Constitution Party. United States third-party and independent presidential candidates, West Virginia [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] Independent Richard Duncan Real Estate Agent from Ohio Ricky Johnson Preacher from Pennsylvania 18 24, 0.

Terranova 9 0. Sorenson 9 76 1, 0. Meyers 4 71 2, 0. Newspaper endorsements in the United States presidential election, Russian interference in the United States elections.

Democratic Party presidential debates and forums, ; Republican Party presidential debates and forums, ; Libertarian Party presidential debates and forums, ; and Green Party presidential debates and forums, United States presidential debates, University of Nevada Las Vegas.

Electoral vote—Vice President Pence. Total — 65,, Results by state, shaded according to winning candidate's percentage of the vote. Results by county, shaded according to winning candidate's percentage of the vote.

Results of U. Results by county, shaded according to percentage of the vote for Trump. Results by county, shaded according to percentage of the vote for Clinton.

Nationwide opinion polling for the United States presidential election, and Statewide opinion polling for the United States presidential election, Legend [] cable news network broadcast network Total television viewers 8: International reactions to the United States presidential election, Faithless electors in the United States presidential election, They lost respectively two and five votes to faithless electors.

Pence and Kaine lost one and five votes, respectively. Some states continued to allocate electors by legislative vote as late as Greeley still garnered three posthumous electoral votes which were subsequently dismissed by Congress.

President before election Barack Obama Democratic. Elected President Donald Trump Republican. Timeline General election debates Parties Polling national statewide by demographics international Newspaper endorsements primary general Russian interference Social media International reactions Electors Recounts Faithless electors.

Third party and independent candidates Libertarian Party primaries debates nominee convention Green Party primaries debates nominee convention Constitution Party primaries nominee Independents McMullin.

This article is part of a series about Donald Trump. Republican Party ticket, Chairman of The Trump Organization — Candidates in this section are sorted by reverse date of withdrawal from the primaries.

Senator from Texas — present. Senator from Florida — present. CEO of Hewlett-Packard — Senator from Kentucky — present. Senator from Pennsylvania — Senator from South Carolina — present.

This article is part of a series about Hillary Clinton. Democratic Party ticket, Secretary of State — Senator from Virginia — present.

Candidates in this section are sorted by date of withdrawal from the primaries. Senator from Vermont — present. Harvard Law professor — Senator from Virginia — July 26, 13,, votes.

November 2, 4 write-in votes in New Hampshire. October 20, 2 write-in votes in New Hampshire. This article is part of a series about Gary Johnson.

This article is part of a series about Bill Weld. Senate campaign Governor of Massachusetts election re-election U. Libertarian Party ticket, This article is part of a series about Jill Stein.

Green Party ticket, Physician from Lexington, Massachusetts. Activist from Washington, DC. Chief policy director for the House Republican Conference — Constitution Party ticket, Attorney from Memphis, Tennessee.

American Delta Party Reform Party. Michael Steinberg Lawyer from Florida. Gloria La Riva Newspaper printer and activist from California.

Osborne Hart of Pennsylvania. Monica Moorehead perennial candidate and political activist from Alabama []. Lamont Lilly of North Carolina [].

Angela Nicole Walker of Wisconsin. Bill Bayes of Mississippi []. Ricky Johnson Preacher from Pennsylvania. Tom Hoefling activist from Iowa [].

Veterans Party of America. Chris Keniston reliability engineer from Texas []. Deacon Taylor of Nevada [].

Legal Marijuana Now Party. Mike Maturen sales professional and magician from Michigan. American Party South Carolina. Rod Silva restaurateur from New Jersey [] [].

United States Pacifist Party. Bradford Lyttle peace activist from Illinois. Jerry White peace activist from Michigan.

Princess Khadijah Jacob-Fambro of California. Hillary Clinton [] []. Donald Trump [] []. A candidate may start running his or her campaign early before turning 35 years old or completing 14 years of residency, but must meet the age and residency requirements by Inauguration Day.

The Twenty-second Amendment to the Constitution also sets a term limit: Constitution also has two provisions that apply to all federal offices in general, not just the presidency.

Article I, Section 3, Clause 7 states that if the U. Congress convicts any officer on impeachment, they may also bar that person from holding any public office in the future.

And Section 3 of the Fourteenth Amendment prohibits the election to any federal office of any person who had held any federal or state office and then engaged in insurrection, rebellion or treason; this disqualification can be waived if such an individual gains the consent of two-thirds of both houses of Congress.

In addition, the Twelfth Amendment establishes that the Vice-President must meet all of the qualifications of being a President. The modern nominating process of U.

This process was never included in the United States Constitution , and thus evolved over time by the political parties to clear the field of candidates.

The primary elections are run by state and local governments, while the caucuses are organized directly by the political parties. Some states hold only primary elections, some hold only caucuses, and others use a combination of both.

These primaries and caucuses are staggered generally between January and June before the federal election, with Iowa and New Hampshire traditionally holding the first presidential state caucus and primary, respectively.

Like the general election, presidential caucuses or primaries are indirect elections. The major political parties officially vote for their presidential candidate at their respective nominating conventions, usually all held in the summer before the federal election.

Depending on each state's law and state's political party rules, when voters cast ballots for a candidate in a presidential caucus or primary, they may be voting to award delegates "bound" to vote for a candidate at the presidential nominating conventions, or they may simply be expressing an opinion that the state party is not bound to follow in selecting delegates to their respective national convention.

Unlike the general election, voters in the U. Furthermore, each political party can determine how many delegates to allocate to each state and territory.

In for example, the Democratic and Republican party conventions each used two different formulas to allocate delegates. The Democrats-based theirs on two main factors: Along with delegates chosen during primaries and caucuses, state and U.

For Republicans, they consist of the three top party officials from each state and territory. Democrats have a more expansive group of unpledged delegates called " superdelegates ", who are party leaders and elected officials.

Each party's presidential candidate also chooses a vice presidential nominee to run with him or her on the same ticket , and this choice is rubber-stamped by the convention.

If no single candidate has secured a majority of delegates including both pledged and unpledged , then a " brokered convention " results.

All pledged delegates are then "released" and are able to switch their allegiance to a different candidate. Thereafter, the nomination is decided through a process of alternating political horse trading , and additional rounds of re-votes.

The conventions have historically been held inside convention centers , but since the late 20th century both the Democratic and Republican parties have favored sports arenas and domed stadiums to accommodate the increasing attendance.

Under the United States Constitution, the manner of choosing electors for the Electoral College is determined by each state's legislature. Although each state designates electors by popular vote, other methods are allowed.

For instance, instead of having a popular vote, a number of states used to select presidential electors by a direct vote of the state legislature itself.

However, federal law does specify that all electors must be selected on the same day, which is "the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November," i.

Thus, the presidential election is really an amalgamation of separate and simultaneous state elections instead of a single national election run by the federal government.

Like any other election in the United States, the eligibility of an individual for voting is set out in the Constitution and regulated at state level.

The Constitution states that suffrage cannot be denied on grounds of race or color , sex or age for citizens eighteen years or older. Beyond these basic qualifications, it is the responsibility of state legislatures to regulate voter eligibility.

Generally, voters are required to vote on a ballot where they select the candidate of their choice. The presidential ballot is a vote "for the electors of a candidate" meaning that the voter is not voting for the candidate, but endorsing a slate of electors pledged to vote for a specific presidential and vice presidential candidate.

Many voting ballots allow a voter to "blanket vote" for all candidates in a particular political party or to select individual candidates on a line by line voting system.

Which candidates appear on the voting ticket is determined through a legal process known as ballot access. Usually, the size of the candidate's political party and the results of the major nomination conventions determine who is pre-listed on the presidential ballot.

Thus, the presidential election ticket will not list every candidate running for President, but only those who have secured a major party nomination or whose size of their political party warrants having been formally listed.

Laws are in effect to have other candidates pre-listed on a ticket, provided that enough voters have endorsed the candidate, usually through a signature list.

The final way to be elected for president is to have one's name written in at the time of election as a write-in candidate.

This is used for candidates who did not fulfill the legal requirements to be pre-listed on the voting ticket. It is also used by voters to express a distaste for the listed candidates, by writing in an alternative candidate for president such as Mickey Mouse or comedian Stephen Colbert whose application was voted down by the South Carolina Democratic Party.

In any event, a write-in candidate has never won an election for President of the United States. Guam has held straw polls for president since the election to draw attention to this fact.

Most state laws establish a winner-take-all system, wherein the ticket that wins a plurality of votes wins all of that state's allocated electoral votes, and thus has their slate of electors chosen to vote in the Electoral College.

Maine and Nebraska do not use this method, instead giving two electoral votes to the statewide winner and one electoral vote to the winner of each Congressional district.

Each state's winning slate of electors then meets at their respective state's capital on the first Monday after the second Wednesday in December to cast their electoral votes on separate ballots for President and Vice President.

Although Electoral College members can technically vote for anyone under the U. Constitution, 24 states have laws to punish faithless electors , [19] those who do not cast their electoral votes for the person whom they have pledged to elect.

In early January, the total Electoral College vote count is opened by the sitting Vice President, acting in his capacity as President of the Senate , and read aloud to a joint session of the incoming Congress, which was elected at the same time as the President.

If no candidate receives a majority of the electoral vote at least , the President is determined by the rules outlined by the 12th Amendment.

Specifically, the selection of President would then be decided by a contingent election in a ballot of the House of Representatives. For the purposes of electing the President, each state has only one vote.

A ballot of the Senate is held to choose the Vice President. In this ballot, each senator has one vote. The House of Representatives has chosen the victor of the presidential race only twice, in and ; the Senate has chosen the victor of the vice-presidential race only once, in If neither are chosen by then, Congress by law determines who shall act as President, pursuant to the 20th Amendment.

Unless there are faithless electors, disputes, or other controversies, the events in December and January mentioned above are largely a formality since the winner can be determined based on the state-by-state popular vote results.

Between the general election and Inauguration Day, this apparent winner is referred to as the " President-elect " unless it is a sitting President that has won re-election.

The typical periods of the presidential election process are as follows, with the dates corresponding to the general election:.

Among the 44 persons who have served as president, only Donald Trump had never held a position in either government or the military prior to taking office.

Grant , and Dwight D. Eisenhower had was in the military. Herbert Hoover previously served as the Secretary of Commerce.

Everyone else served in elected public office before becoming president, such as being Vice President, a member of the United States Congress , or a state or territorial governor.

Fourteen Presidents also served as vice president. Bush began their first term after winning an election. The remaining nine began their first term as president according to the presidential line of succession after the intra-term death or resignation of their predecessor.

Truman , and Lyndon B. Arthur , and Gerald Ford were not. Ford's accession to the presidency is unique in American history in that he became vice president through the process prescribed by the Twenty-fifth Amendment rather than by winning an election, thus making him the only U.

Sixteen presidents had previously served in the U. Senate, including four of the five who served between and However, only three were incumbent senators at the time they were elected president Warren G.

Harding in , John F. Kennedy in , and Barack Obama in Eighteen presidents had earlier served in the House of Representatives. However, only one was a sitting representative when elected to presidency James A.

Bush have been governors of a state. Geographically, these presidents were from either very large states Reagan from California , Bush from Texas or from a state south of the Mason—Dixon line and east of Texas Carter from Georgia , Clinton from Arkansas.

In all, sixteen presidents have been former governors, including seven who were incumbent governors at the time of their election to the presidency.

The most common job experience, occupation or profession of U. Twenty-two presidents were also in the military. Eight presidents had served as Cabinet Secretaries, with five of the six Presidents who served between and having held the office of U.

Advances in technology and media have also affected presidential campaigns. The invention of both radio and television have given way to the reliance of national political advertisements across those methods of communication.

National advertisements such as Lyndon B. Bush 's commercial " Revolving Door " became major factors in those respective elections.

In , George H. Bush's promise of " Read my lips: Since the development of the internet in the mids, Internet activism has also become an invaluable component of presidential campaigns, especially since The internet was first used in the presidential elections, but primarily as a brochure for the candidate online.

In , both candidates George W. Bush and Al Gore created, maintained and updated their campaign website. But it was not until the presidential election cycle was the potential value of the internet seen.

By the summer of , ten people competing in the presidential election had developed campaign websites. His website played a significant role in his overall campaign strategy.

In , the internet became a grassroots and a voice of the people tool—a way for the users to connect with each other and with the campaign, like Dean's website had done in All of the major candidates had a website and utilized social networking like Facebook and MySpace.

The popularity of a candidate could be measured by the number of "friends" on these sites as well as on websites like Hitwise, which listed the number of hits all of the presidential candidate's websites had each week.

Internet channels such as YouTube were used by candidates to share speeches and ads for free. This also served as a forum for users to attack other candidates by uploading videos of gaffes.

This represents 73 percent of adult internet users. The study also showed that 22 percent of adult internet users used social network sites or Twitter to get information about and discuss the elections and 26 percent of all adults used cell phones to learn about or participate in campaigns.

E-campaigning as it has come to be called, is subject to very little regulation. On March 26, , the Federal Election Commission voted unanimously to "not regulate political communication on the Internet, including emails, blogs and the creating of Web sites" [25] This decision made only paid political ads placed on websites subject to campaign finance limitations.

The presidential election process is controversial, with critics arguing that it is inherently undemocratic, and discourages voter participation and turnout in many areas of the country.

Because of the staggered nature of the primary season, voters in Iowa, New Hampshire and other small states which traditionally hold their primaries and caucuses first in January usually have a major impact on the races.

Campaign activity, media attention, and voter participation are usually higher in these states, as the candidates attempt to build momentum and generate a bandwagon effect in these early primaries.

Conversely, voters in California and other large states which traditionally hold their primaries last in June usually end up having no say in who the presidential candidates will be.

The races are usually over by then, and thus the campaigns, the media, and voters have little incentive to participate in these late primaries.

As a result, more states vie for earlier primaries to claim a greater influence in the process. However, compressing the primary calendar in this way limits the ability of lesser-known candidates to effectively corral resources and raise their visibility among voters, especially when competing with better-known candidates who have more financial resources and the institutional backing of their party's establishment.

Primary and caucus reform proposals include a National Primary held on a single day; or the Interregional Primary Plan , where states would be grouped into six regions, and each of the regions would rotate every election on who would hold their primaries first.

With the primary races usually over before June, the political conventions have mostly become scripted, ceremonial affairs.

As the drama has left the conventions, and complaints grown that they were scripted and dull pep rallies, public interest and viewership has fallen off.

After having offered gavel-to-gavel coverage of the major party conventions in the midth century, the Big Three television networks now only devote approximately three hours of coverage one hour per night.

Critics also argue that the Electoral College is archaic and inherently undemocratic. With all states, except Maine and Nebraska, using a winner-take-all system, both the Democratic and the Republican candidates are almost certain to win all the electoral votes from those states whose residents predominantly vote for the Democratic Party or the Republican Party, respectively.

This encourages presidential candidates to focus exponentially more time, money, and energy campaigning in a few so-called " swing states ", states in which no single candidate or party has overwhelming support.

Such swing states like Ohio are inundated with campaign visits, saturation television advertising, get-out-the-vote efforts by party organizers, and debates.

Meanwhile, candidates and political parties have no incentive to mount nationwide campaign efforts, or work to increase voter turnout, in predominately Democratic Party "safe states" like California or predominately Republican Party "safe states" like Texas.

In practice, the winner-take-all system also both reinforces the country's two-party system and decreases the importance of third and minor political parties.

In theory, it is possible to secure the necessary electoral votes from only the eleven most populous states and then ignore the rest of the country.

In , Representative Samuel F. Vinton of Ohio proposed an amendment to the constitution that would replace the electoral college system with a lot system.

The Joint Resolution called for each state to elect, by a simple majority, a presidential candidate of said state.

Each state would notify Congress of the presidential election results. Congress would then inscribe the name of every state on uniform balls, equal to the number of said state's members of Congress, and deposit into a box.

In a joint session of Congress, a ball would be drawn, and the elected candidate of the state of which is written on the drawn ball would be named President.

A second ball would immediately be drawn after, and that state's candidate would be named Vice-President. The resolution did not pass the House. Representative Vinton proposed an identical amendment in Again, it was unsuccessful.

The driving force behind the introduction of the resolution is unclear, as there is no recorded debate for either proposal. Other constitutional amendments, such as the Every Vote Counts Amendment , have been proposed seeking to replace the Electoral College with a direct popular vote, which proponents argue would increase turnout and participation.

Other proposed reforms include the National Popular Vote Interstate Compact , an interstate compact without Congressional authorization, whereby individual participating states agree to allocate their electors based on the winner of the national popular vote, instead of voting their respective statewide results.

Another proposal is for every state to simply adopt the District system used by Maine and Nebraska: The Automatic Plan would replace the Electors with an automatic tallying of votes to eliminate the faithless elector affecting the outcome of the election.

The Proportional Plan, often compared to the District Plan, would distribute electoral votes in each state in proportion to the popular vote, introducing third party effects in election outcomes.

The House Plan would require a constitutional amendment to allocate electors based on the House apportionment alone to lessen small state advantage.

Direct election plans and bonus plans have in common a higher valuation on the popular vote for president. This is a table of electoral college results.

Voter turnout in the and elections showed a noticeable increase over the turnout in and Prior to , voter turnout in presidential elections had been decreasing while voter registration, measured in terms of voting age population VAP by the U.

Census, has been increasing. The VAP figure, however, includes persons ineligible to vote — mainly non-citizens and ineligible felons — and excludes overseas eligible voters.

Opinion is mixed on whether this decline was due to voter apathy. Voter turnout from the and election was "not statistically different," based on the voting age population used by a November U.

Census survey of 50, households. Prior to , many presidential candidates disclosed assets, stock holdings, and other information which might affect the public trust.

Soon after the first contestants declared their candidacy, Larry Sabato listed Virginia, Colorado, Iowa, New Hampshire, Florida, Nevada, and Ohio as the seven states most likely to be contested in the general election.

After Donald Trump clinched the Republican presidential nomination, many pundits felt that the major campaign locations might be different from what had originally been expected.

Rust Belt states such as Pennsylvania , Wisconsin , and even Michigan were thought to be in play with Trump as the nominee, while states with large minority populations, such as Colorado and Virginia , were expected to shift towards Clinton.

According to Politico [] and the online blog, his path to victory went through states such as Florida, North Carolina, Nevada, New Hampshire, and possibly Colorado.

Early polling indicated a closer-than-usual race in former Democratic strongholds such as Washington , Delaware , New Jersey , Connecticut , Maine for the two statewide electoral votes , and New Mexico.

Some reviews took this information as evidence of an expanded 'swing-state map'. A consensus among political pundits developed throughout the primary election season regarding swing states.

Trump's primary campaign was propelled by victories in Democratic states, and his supporters often did not identify as Republican.

For example, Utah was the reddest state in , although the Republican share was boosted significantly by the candidacy of Mormon candidate Mitt Romney.

Media reports indicated that both candidates planned to concentrate on Florida, Pennsylvania, Ohio and North Carolina.

These generally rate the race by the likelihood for each party to win a state. As the parameters of the race established themselves, analysts converged on a narrower list of contested states, which were relatively similar to those of recent elections.

Additionally, a district from each of Maine and Nebraska were considered to be coin flips. Clinton won states like New Mexico by less than 10 percentage points.

States won by Obama in the contest , such as Ohio 18 , Iowa 6 , and Maine's second district 1 , were also won by Trump. The close result in Maine was not expected by most commentators, nor were Trump's victory of over 10 points in the second district and their disparities.

After the conventions of the national parties, candidates from the main parties carried out trips to the states: Results by vote distribution among states.

The size of each state's pie chart is proportional to its number of electoral votes. Red denotes counties that went to Trump; blue denotes counties that went to Clinton.

Results by county, shaded according to winning candidate's percentage of the vote Red-Purple-Blue view.

United States presidential election, cartogram. The voter survey is based on exit polls completed by 24, voters leaving voting places throughout the United States on Election Day , in addition to 4, telephone interviews with early and absentee voters.

The election also represented the first time that Republicans performed better among lower-income whites than among affluent white voters. Meanwhile, Trump increased his lead with non-Hispanic white voters through 1 percent over Mitt Romney's performance, and American Indians , Alaska Natives , and Pacific Islanders shifted their support towards the Republican candidate using the same relative amount.

However, "more convincing data" [] from the polling firm Latino Decisions indicates that Clinton received a higher share of the Hispanic vote, and Trump a lower share, than the Edison exit polls showed.

Various methods were used to forecast the outcome of the election. These models mostly showed a Democratic advantage since the nominees were confirmed, and were supported by pundits and statisticians, including Nate Silver of FiveThirtyEight, Nate Cohn at The New York Times , and Larry Sabato from the Crystal Ball newsletter, who predicted a Democratic victory in competitive presidential races and projected consistent leads in several battleground states around the country.

However, FiveThirtyEight's model pointed to the possibility of an Electoral College-popular vote split widening in the final weeks based on Trump's improvement in swing states like Florida or Pennsylvania.

This was due to the demographics targeted by Trump's campaign which lived in big numbers there, in addition to Clinton's poor performance in several of those swing states in comparison with Obama's performance in , as well as having a big number of her potential voters in very populated traditionally 'blue' states, but also in some very populated states traditionally 'red', like Texas, which were projected safe for Trump.

Early exit polls generally favored Clinton. Three states Pennsylvania, Wisconsin and Michigan which were considered to be part of Clinton's firewall , were won by Trump.

This result stands in contrast to the results , when President Obama won all but Indiana , which he carried in This table displays the final polling average published by Real Clear Politics on November 7, the actual electoral margin, and the over-performance by either candidate relative to the polls.

Many pollsters were puzzled by the failure of mainstream forecasting models to predict the outcome of the election.

The sole exception was Maine's 2nd congressional district. Trump's victory, considered unlikely by most forecasts, [] [] [] [] [] was characterized as an "upset" and as "shocking" by the media.

Following the announcement of Trump's election, large protests broke out across the United States with some continuing for several days.

Protesters have held up a number of different signs and chanted various shouts including "Not my president" and "We don't accept the president-elect".

High school and college students walked out of classes to protest. At some protests fires were lit, flags and other items were burned and people yelled derogatory remarks about Trump.

Rioters also broke glass at certain locations. After the election, computer scientists, including J. Alex Halderman , the director of the University of Michigan Center for Computer Security and Society, urged the Clinton campaign to request an election recount in Wisconsin, Michigan, and Pennsylvania three swing states where Trump had won narrowly for the purpose of excluding the possibility that the hacking of electronic voting machines had influenced the recorded outcome.

Donald Trump and New Hampshire governor Chris Sununu both complained that liberal voters from Massachusetts were illegally bused into New Hampshire for the election, and Scott Brown blamed the same phenomenon for losing his senate race in They found that in every case, field inspectors were able to determine that the voters were from New Hampshire, though they were riding a bus operated by an out-of-state company which has its name and address written on the outside of the bus, presumably the source of the confusion.

On November 23, Green Party presidential candidate Jill Stein launched a public fundraiser to pay for recounts in Wisconsin , Michigan , and Pennsylvania , asserting that the election's outcome had been affected by hacking in those states; Stein did not provide evidence for her claims.

Stein filed for a recount in Wisconsin on November 25, [] after which Clinton campaign general counsel Marc Elias stated that their campaign would join Stein's recount efforts in that state and possibly others "in order to ensure the process proceeds in a manner that is fair to all sides.

President-elect Donald Trump issued a statement denouncing Stein's Wisconsin recount request saying, "The people have spoken and the election is over.

District Judge Mark Goldsmith ordered a halt to the recount in Michigan on December 7, dissolving a previous temporary restraining order against the Michigan Board of Elections that allowed the recount to continue, stating in his order: Instead, they present speculative claims going to the vulnerability of the voting machinery — but not actual injury.

District Judge Paul Diamond rejected an appeal by the Green Party and Jill Stein to force a recount in Pennsylvania, stating that suspicion of a hacked Pennsylvania election "borders on the irrational" and that granting the Green Party's recount bid could "ensure that no Pennsylvania vote counts" given the December 13, , federal deadline to certify the vote for the Electoral College.

The recounts in Wisconsin and Nevada were completed on schedule, resulting in only minor changes to vote tallies. A subsequent state audit found no evidence of voter fraud and concluded that the mistakes, which were "almost entirely" caused by poll-worker mistakes attributed to poor training, did not impair "the ability of Detroit residents to cast a ballot and have their vote counted.

Intense lobbying in one case involving claims of harassment and death threats [] and grass-roots campaigns have been directed at various GOP electors of the United States Electoral College [] to convince a sufficient number of them 37 to not vote for Trump, thus precluding a Trump presidency.

US to provide pro bono legal counsel as well as a secure communications platform for members of the Electoral College who are regarding a vote of conscience against Trump.

Williams castigated Democratic electors who had filed a lawsuit in Federal court to have the state law binding them to the popular vote in their case for Hillary Clinton overturned.

On December 10, ten electors, in an open letter headed by Christine Pelosi to the Director of National Intelligence James Clapper , demanded an intelligence briefing [] [] in light of Russian interference in the election to help Trump win the presidency.

On December 19, several electors voted against their pledged candidates: The th United States Congress officially certified the results on January 6, In the Electoral College vote on December 19, for the first time since , multiple faithless electors voted against their pledged qualified presidential candidate.

Likewise, for the first time since , [e] multiple faithless electors voted against the pledged qualified vice presidential candidate.

Of the faithless votes, Colin Powell and Elizabeth Warren were the only two to receive more than one; Powell received three electoral votes for President and Warren received two for Vice President.

Sanders is the first Jewish American to receive an electoral vote for President. LaDuke is the first Green Party member to receive an electoral vote, and Paul is the third member of the Libertarian Party to do so, following the party's presidential and vice-presidential nominees each getting one vote in It is the first election with faithless electors from more than one political party.

The seven people to receive electoral votes for president were the most in a single election since , and more than any other election since the enactment of the Twelfth Amendment in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

For related races, see United States elections, Presidential election results map. Numbers indicate electoral votes allotted to the winner of each state.

United States presidential election. President of the United States. Business projects in Russia Election interference timeline Links of associates with Russian officials Steele dossier Trump Tower meeting Trump Tower wiretapping allegations Classified information disclosure Special Counsel investigation Republican Party presidential primaries, Republican Party presidential candidates, Republican Party vice presidential candidate selection, Democratic Party presidential primaries, Democratic Party presidential candidates, Democratic Party vice presidential candidate selection, Gary Johnson, Libertarian Party.

Jill Stein, Green Party. Evan McMullin presidential campaign, Darrell Castle, Constitution Party. United States third-party and independent presidential candidates, West Virginia [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] Independent Richard Duncan Real Estate Agent from Ohio Ricky Johnson Preacher from Pennsylvania 18 24, 0.

Terranova 9 0. Sorenson 9 76 1, 0. Meyers 4 71 2, 0. Newspaper endorsements in the United States presidential election, Russian interference in the United States elections.

Democratic Party presidential debates and forums, ; Republican Party presidential debates and forums, ; Libertarian Party presidential debates and forums, ; and Green Party presidential debates and forums, United States presidential debates, University of Nevada Las Vegas.

Electoral vote—Vice President Pence. Total — 65,, Results by state, shaded according to winning candidate's percentage of the vote. Results by county, shaded according to winning candidate's percentage of the vote.

Results of U. Results by county, shaded according to percentage of the vote for Trump. Results by county, shaded according to percentage of the vote for Clinton.

Nationwide opinion polling for the United States presidential election, and Statewide opinion polling for the United States presidential election, Legend [] cable news network broadcast network Total television viewers 8: International reactions to the United States presidential election, Faithless electors in the United States presidential election, They lost respectively two and five votes to faithless electors.

Pence and Kaine lost one and five votes, respectively. Some states continued to allocate electors by legislative vote as late as Greeley still garnered three posthumous electoral votes which were subsequently dismissed by Congress.

President before election Barack Obama Democratic. Elected President Donald Trump Republican. Timeline General election debates Parties Polling national statewide by demographics international Newspaper endorsements primary general Russian interference Social media International reactions Electors Recounts Faithless electors.

Third party and independent candidates Libertarian Party primaries debates nominee convention Green Party primaries debates nominee convention Constitution Party primaries nominee Independents McMullin.

This article is part of a series about Donald Trump. Republican Party ticket, Chairman of The Trump Organization — Candidates in this section are sorted by reverse date of withdrawal from the primaries.

Senator from Texas — present. Senator from Florida — present. CEO of Hewlett-Packard — Senator from Kentucky — present.

Senator from Pennsylvania — Senator from South Carolina — present. This article is part of a series about Hillary Clinton. Democratic Party ticket, Secretary of State — Senator from Virginia — present.

Candidates in this section are sorted by date of withdrawal from the primaries. Senator from Vermont — present. Harvard Law professor — Senator from Virginia — July 26, 13,, votes.

November 2, 4 write-in votes in New Hampshire. October 20, 2 write-in votes in New Hampshire. This article is part of a series about Gary Johnson.

This article is part of a series about Bill Weld. Senate campaign Governor of Massachusetts election re-election U. Libertarian Party ticket, This article is part of a series about Jill Stein.

Green Party ticket, Physician from Lexington, Massachusetts. Activist from Washington, DC. Chief policy director for the House Republican Conference — Constitution Party ticket, Attorney from Memphis, Tennessee.

American Delta Party Reform Party. Michael Steinberg Lawyer from Florida. Gloria La Riva Newspaper printer and activist from California.

Osborne Hart of Pennsylvania. Monica Moorehead perennial candidate and political activist from Alabama [].

Lamont Lilly of North Carolina []. Angela Nicole Walker of Wisconsin. Bill Bayes of Mississippi [].

Ricky Johnson Preacher from Pennsylvania. Tom Hoefling activist from Iowa []. Veterans Party of America. Chris Keniston reliability engineer from Texas [].

Deacon Taylor of Nevada []. Legal Marijuana Now Party. Mike Maturen sales professional and magician from Michigan. American Party South Carolina.

Rod Silva restaurateur from New Jersey [] []. United States Pacifist Party. Bradford Lyttle peace activist from Illinois.

Jerry White peace activist from Michigan. Princess Khadijah Jacob-Fambro of California. Hillary Clinton [] []. Donald Trump [] [].

Gary Johnson [] []. While this solved the problem at hand, it ultimately had the effect of lowering the prestige of the Vice Presidency, as the office was no longer for the leading challenger for the Presidency.

The separate ballots for President and Vice President became something of a moot issue later in the 19th century when it became the norm for popular elections to determine a state's Electoral College delegation.

Electors chosen this way are pledged to vote for a particular presidential and vice presidential candidate offered by the same political party.

So, while the Constitution says that the President and Vice President are chosen separately, in practice they are chosen together.

The 12th Amendment also established rules when no candidate wins a majority vote in the Electoral College.

In the presidential election of , Andrew Jackson received a plurality , but not a majority, of electoral votes cast.

The election was thrown to the House of Representatives , and John Quincy Adams was elected to the presidency. A deep rivalry resulted between Andrew Jackson and House Speaker Henry Clay , who had also been a candidate in the election.

Since , aside from the occasional "faithless elector," the popular vote determines the winner of a presidential election by determining the electoral vote, as each state or district's popular vote determines its electoral college vote.

Although the nationwide popular vote does not directly determine the winner of a presidential election, it does strongly correlate with who is the victor.

In 53 of the 58 total elections held so far about 91 percent , the winner of the national popular vote has also carried the Electoral College vote.

The winners of the nationwide popular vote and the Electoral College vote differ only in close elections. In highly competitive elections, candidates focus on turning out their vote in the contested swing states critical to winning an electoral college majority, so they do not try to maximize their popular vote by real or fraudulent vote increases in one-party areas.

However, candidates can fail to get the most votes in the nationwide popular vote in a Presidential election and still win that election.

In the election, Jackson won the popular vote, but no one received the majority of electoral votes. According to the 12th Amendment in the Constitution, the House of Representatives must choose the president out of the top 3 people in the election.

Clay had come fourth, so he threw his support to Adams, who then won. Because Adams later named Clay his Secretary of State, Jackson's supporters claimed that Adams gained the presidency by making a deal with Clay.

Charges of a "corrupt bargain" followed Adams through his term. Then in , , , and , the winner of electoral vote lost the popular vote outright.

Numerous constitutional amendments have been submitted seeking to replace the Electoral College with a direct popular vote, but none has ever successfully passed both Houses of Congress.

Another alternate proposal is the National Popular Vote Interstate Compact , an interstate compact whereby individual participating states agree to allocate their electors based on the winner of the national popular vote instead of just their respective statewide results.

The presidential election day was established on a Tuesday in the month of November because of the factors involved weather, harvests and worship.

When voters used to travel to the polls by horse, Tuesday was an ideal day because it allowed people to worship on Sunday, ride to their county seat on Monday, and vote on Tuesday—all before market day, Wednesday.

The month of November also fits nicely between harvest time and harsh winter weather, which could be especially bad to people traveling by horse and buggy.

Until , presidents were not sworn in until March 4 because it took so long to count and report ballots, and because of the winner's logistical issues of moving to the capital.

With better technology and the 20th Amendment being passed, presidential inaugurations were moved to noon on January 20—allowing presidents to start their duties sooner.

The Federal Election Campaign Act of was enacted to increase disclosure of contributions for federal campaigns. Thus, this began a trend of presidential candidates declaring their intentions to run as early as the Spring of the previous calendar year so they can start raising and spending the money needed for their nationwide campaign.

The first president, George Washington , was elected as an independent. Since the election of his successor, John Adams , in , all winners of U.

Third parties have taken second place only twice, in and The last time a third independent candidate achieved significant success although still finishing in third place was in , and the last time a third-party candidate received any electoral votes not from faithless electors was in Article Two of the United States Constitution stipulates that for a person to serve as President, the individual must be a natural-born citizen of the United States , at least 35 years old, and a resident of the United States for a period of no less than 14 years.

A candidate may start running his or her campaign early before turning 35 years old or completing 14 years of residency, but must meet the age and residency requirements by Inauguration Day.

The Twenty-second Amendment to the Constitution also sets a term limit: Constitution also has two provisions that apply to all federal offices in general, not just the presidency.

Article I, Section 3, Clause 7 states that if the U. Congress convicts any officer on impeachment, they may also bar that person from holding any public office in the future.

And Section 3 of the Fourteenth Amendment prohibits the election to any federal office of any person who had held any federal or state office and then engaged in insurrection, rebellion or treason; this disqualification can be waived if such an individual gains the consent of two-thirds of both houses of Congress.

In addition, the Twelfth Amendment establishes that the Vice-President must meet all of the qualifications of being a President.

The modern nominating process of U. This process was never included in the United States Constitution , and thus evolved over time by the political parties to clear the field of candidates.

The primary elections are run by state and local governments, while the caucuses are organized directly by the political parties. Some states hold only primary elections, some hold only caucuses, and others use a combination of both.

These primaries and caucuses are staggered generally between January and June before the federal election, with Iowa and New Hampshire traditionally holding the first presidential state caucus and primary, respectively.

Like the general election, presidential caucuses or primaries are indirect elections. The major political parties officially vote for their presidential candidate at their respective nominating conventions, usually all held in the summer before the federal election.

Depending on each state's law and state's political party rules, when voters cast ballots for a candidate in a presidential caucus or primary, they may be voting to award delegates "bound" to vote for a candidate at the presidential nominating conventions, or they may simply be expressing an opinion that the state party is not bound to follow in selecting delegates to their respective national convention.

Unlike the general election, voters in the U. Furthermore, each political party can determine how many delegates to allocate to each state and territory.

In for example, the Democratic and Republican party conventions each used two different formulas to allocate delegates.

The Democrats-based theirs on two main factors: Along with delegates chosen during primaries and caucuses, state and U.

For Republicans, they consist of the three top party officials from each state and territory. Democrats have a more expansive group of unpledged delegates called " superdelegates ", who are party leaders and elected officials.

Each party's presidential candidate also chooses a vice presidential nominee to run with him or her on the same ticket , and this choice is rubber-stamped by the convention.

If no single candidate has secured a majority of delegates including both pledged and unpledged , then a " brokered convention " results.

All pledged delegates are then "released" and are able to switch their allegiance to a different candidate. Thereafter, the nomination is decided through a process of alternating political horse trading , and additional rounds of re-votes.

The conventions have historically been held inside convention centers , but since the late 20th century both the Democratic and Republican parties have favored sports arenas and domed stadiums to accommodate the increasing attendance.

Under the United States Constitution, the manner of choosing electors for the Electoral College is determined by each state's legislature.

Although each state designates electors by popular vote, other methods are allowed. For instance, instead of having a popular vote, a number of states used to select presidential electors by a direct vote of the state legislature itself.

However, federal law does specify that all electors must be selected on the same day, which is "the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November," i.

Thus, the presidential election is really an amalgamation of separate and simultaneous state elections instead of a single national election run by the federal government.

Like any other election in the United States, the eligibility of an individual for voting is set out in the Constitution and regulated at state level.

The Constitution states that suffrage cannot be denied on grounds of race or color , sex or age for citizens eighteen years or older.

Beyond these basic qualifications, it is the responsibility of state legislatures to regulate voter eligibility. Generally, voters are required to vote on a ballot where they select the candidate of their choice.

The presidential ballot is a vote "for the electors of a candidate" meaning that the voter is not voting for the candidate, but endorsing a slate of electors pledged to vote for a specific presidential and vice presidential candidate.

Many voting ballots allow a voter to "blanket vote" for all candidates in a particular political party or to select individual candidates on a line by line voting system.

Which candidates appear on the voting ticket is determined through a legal process known as ballot access. Usually, the size of the candidate's political party and the results of the major nomination conventions determine who is pre-listed on the presidential ballot.

Thus, the presidential election ticket will not list every candidate running for President, but only those who have secured a major party nomination or whose size of their political party warrants having been formally listed.

Laws are in effect to have other candidates pre-listed on a ticket, provided that enough voters have endorsed the candidate, usually through a signature list.

The final way to be elected for president is to have one's name written in at the time of election as a write-in candidate.

This is used for candidates who did not fulfill the legal requirements to be pre-listed on the voting ticket.

It is also used by voters to express a distaste for the listed candidates, by writing in an alternative candidate for president such as Mickey Mouse or comedian Stephen Colbert whose application was voted down by the South Carolina Democratic Party.

In any event, a write-in candidate has never won an election for President of the United States. Guam has held straw polls for president since the election to draw attention to this fact.

Most state laws establish a winner-take-all system, wherein the ticket that wins a plurality of votes wins all of that state's allocated electoral votes, and thus has their slate of electors chosen to vote in the Electoral College.

Maine and Nebraska do not use this method, instead giving two electoral votes to the statewide winner and one electoral vote to the winner of each Congressional district.

Each state's winning slate of electors then meets at their respective state's capital on the first Monday after the second Wednesday in December to cast their electoral votes on separate ballots for President and Vice President.

Although Electoral College members can technically vote for anyone under the U. Constitution, 24 states have laws to punish faithless electors , [19] those who do not cast their electoral votes for the person whom they have pledged to elect.

In early January, the total Electoral College vote count is opened by the sitting Vice President, acting in his capacity as President of the Senate , and read aloud to a joint session of the incoming Congress, which was elected at the same time as the President.

If no candidate receives a majority of the electoral vote at least , the President is determined by the rules outlined by the 12th Amendment.

Specifically, the selection of President would then be decided by a contingent election in a ballot of the House of Representatives.

For the purposes of electing the President, each state has only one vote. A ballot of the Senate is held to choose the Vice President.

In this ballot, each senator has one vote. The House of Representatives has chosen the victor of the presidential race only twice, in and ; the Senate has chosen the victor of the vice-presidential race only once, in If neither are chosen by then, Congress by law determines who shall act as President, pursuant to the 20th Amendment.

Unless there are faithless electors, disputes, or other controversies, the events in December and January mentioned above are largely a formality since the winner can be determined based on the state-by-state popular vote results.

Between the general election and Inauguration Day, this apparent winner is referred to as the " President-elect " unless it is a sitting President that has won re-election.

The typical periods of the presidential election process are as follows, with the dates corresponding to the general election:.

Among the 44 persons who have served as president, only Donald Trump had never held a position in either government or the military prior to taking office.

Grant , and Dwight D. Eisenhower had was in the military. Herbert Hoover previously served as the Secretary of Commerce.

Everyone else served in elected public office before becoming president, such as being Vice President, a member of the United States Congress , or a state or territorial governor.

Fourteen Presidents also served as vice president. Bush began their first term after winning an election. The remaining nine began their first term as president according to the presidential line of succession after the intra-term death or resignation of their predecessor.

Truman , and Lyndon B. Arthur , and Gerald Ford were not. Ford's accession to the presidency is unique in American history in that he became vice president through the process prescribed by the Twenty-fifth Amendment rather than by winning an election, thus making him the only U.

Sixteen presidents had previously served in the U. Senate, including four of the five who served between and However, only three were incumbent senators at the time they were elected president Warren G.

Harding in , John F. Kennedy in , and Barack Obama in Eighteen presidents had earlier served in the House of Representatives. However, only one was a sitting representative when elected to presidency James A.

Bush have been governors of a state. Geographically, these presidents were from either very large states Reagan from California , Bush from Texas or from a state south of the Mason—Dixon line and east of Texas Carter from Georgia , Clinton from Arkansas.

In all, sixteen presidents have been former governors, including seven who were incumbent governors at the time of their election to the presidency.

The most common job experience, occupation or profession of U. Twenty-two presidents were also in the military. Eight presidents had served as Cabinet Secretaries, with five of the six Presidents who served between and having held the office of U.

Advances in technology and media have also affected presidential campaigns. The invention of both radio and television have given way to the reliance of national political advertisements across those methods of communication.

National advertisements such as Lyndon B. Bush 's commercial " Revolving Door " became major factors in those respective elections.

In , George H. Bush's promise of " Read my lips: Since the development of the internet in the mids, Internet activism has also become an invaluable component of presidential campaigns, especially since The internet was first used in the presidential elections, but primarily as a brochure for the candidate online.

In , both candidates George W. Bush and Al Gore created, maintained and updated their campaign website. But it was not until the presidential election cycle was the potential value of the internet seen.

By the summer of , ten people competing in the presidential election had developed campaign websites. His website played a significant role in his overall campaign strategy.

In , the internet became a grassroots and a voice of the people tool—a way for the users to connect with each other and with the campaign, like Dean's website had done in All of the major candidates had a website and utilized social networking like Facebook and MySpace.

The popularity of a candidate could be measured by the number of "friends" on these sites as well as on websites like Hitwise, which listed the number of hits all of the presidential candidate's websites had each week.

Internet channels such as YouTube were used by candidates to share speeches and ads for free. This also served as a forum for users to attack other candidates by uploading videos of gaffes.

This represents 73 percent of adult internet users. The study also showed that 22 percent of adult internet users used social network sites or Twitter to get information about and discuss the elections and 26 percent of all adults used cell phones to learn about or participate in campaigns.

E-campaigning as it has come to be called, is subject to very little regulation. On March 26, , the Federal Election Commission voted unanimously to "not regulate political communication on the Internet, including emails, blogs and the creating of Web sites" [25] This decision made only paid political ads placed on websites subject to campaign finance limitations.

The presidential election process is controversial, with critics arguing that it is inherently undemocratic, and discourages voter participation and turnout in many areas of the country.

Because of the staggered nature of the primary season, voters in Iowa, New Hampshire and other small states which traditionally hold their primaries and caucuses first in January usually have a major impact on the races.

Campaign activity, media attention, and voter participation are usually higher in these states, as the candidates attempt to build momentum and generate a bandwagon effect in these early primaries.

Conversely, voters in California and other large states which traditionally hold their primaries last in June usually end up having no say in who the presidential candidates will be.

The races are usually over by then, and thus the campaigns, the media, and voters have little incentive to participate in these late primaries. As a result, more states vie for earlier primaries to claim a greater influence in the process.

However, compressing the primary calendar in this way limits the ability of lesser-known candidates to effectively corral resources and raise their visibility among voters, especially when competing with better-known candidates who have more financial resources and the institutional backing of their party's establishment.

Primary and caucus reform proposals include a National Primary held on a single day; or the Interregional Primary Plan , where states would be grouped into six regions, and each of the regions would rotate every election on who would hold their primaries first.

With the primary races usually over before June, the political conventions have mostly become scripted, ceremonial affairs.

As the drama has left the conventions, and complaints grown that they were scripted and dull pep rallies, public interest and viewership has fallen off.

After having offered gavel-to-gavel coverage of the major party conventions in the midth century, the Big Three television networks now only devote approximately three hours of coverage one hour per night.

Dabei erhielt sie die Unterstützung ihres einzigen bedeutenden Konkurrenten aus den Vorwahlen, Bernie Sanders. Dafür wäre auf dem Parteitag ein zweiter Wahlgang nötig gewesen, in dem die meisten Delegierten nicht mehr an das Vorwahlergebnis gebunden wären. Fünf Wahlmänner, die Clinton hätten wählen sollen, stimmten ebenfalls für andere Personen. All other candidates together. Der President-elect wird unabhängig von seiner Vereidigung mit Ablauf der Amtszeit des scheidenden Präsidenten zum Präsidenten der Vereinigten Staaten. Dezember deutlich, dass es sieben Abweichler gab. Trump hingegen blieb konsequent bei der vereinfachten Satzstruktur und signalisierte so auch Distanz vom professionellen Politikbetrieb. Zusatzartikel zur Verfassung der Vereinigten Staaten erhält die Institution des President-elect Verfassungsrang ohne strenggenommen ein wirkliches Amt mit einer zugewiesenen Funktion und formellen Machtbefugnissen zu sein. Dezember , Peter Welchering: Die Wahlmänner sind frei in ihrer Wahl.

Usa presidential election -

Dezember deutlich, dass es sieben Abweichler gab. Er hatte im Show- und Celebrityumfeld seit Jahrzehnten Erfahrung und entsprechende Vernetzung und wurde bevorzugt zitiert und besprochen. Trump hingegen blieb konsequent bei der vereinfachten Satzstruktur und signalisierte so auch Distanz vom professionellen Politikbetrieb. Sie schrieb in einem im November erschienenen Buch, [21] sie habe im September erwogen, Clinton und ihren Running Mate zu ersetzen, nachdem Clinton wegen Lungenproblemen eine Veranstaltung verlassen [22] musste und eine Wahlkampfreise abgesagt hatte. In den meisten Meinungsumfragen wurden Trump nur wenig Chancen auf den Gewinn der Präsidentschaftswahl im November vorhergesagt. This page was last edited on 1 October , at Black women in Casino unser fritz are Beste Spielothek in Dedensen finden Clinton 10bet casino strongly than black men with 88 percent of black women supporting her compared to 80 percent of black men. Grant, a moderate on Reconstruction, was accused of military despotism and anti-Semitism, and Colfax, of nativism and possible corruption. Bush xbox live gold testen commercial " Revolving Door " became major factors in those respective elections. US to provide pro bono jackpotjoy slots counsel as well as a secure communications platform for members of the Electoral College who are regarding a vote of conscience against Trump. Faith Spotted Eagle online casino games usa real money. Early exit polls generally favored Clinton. Candidates in this section are sorted by date of withdrawal from the primaries. All my friends and my neighbors, it makes me so happy. The Democrats-based theirs on two main factors: This was due to the demographics targeted by Trump's campaign which lived in big numbers there, in addition to Clinton's poor performance in several of those swing states in comparison with Obama's performance in gratis spel, as well as having a big number of her potential voters in very populated traditionally 'blue' states, but also in some very populated joshua vs wilder traditionally 'red', like Texas, bvb mor were projected safe for Trump. Monica Moorehead perennial candidate and political activist from Alabama []. In all, sixteen presidents have been former governors, including seven who were incumbent governors at the time of their election to the presidency. A further three electors attempted to vote against Clinton but were replaced or forced to vote again. Ballotelli Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. How to Vote for Evan. Johnson to run as Libertarian candidate. Präsident der Vereinigten Staaten. Donald Trump free no deposit casino bonus codes 2017 am Jim Gilmore drops out of GOP presidential race. Das Vokabular war nur wenig schwieriger. Der President-elect wird unabhängig von seiner Vereidigung mit Ablauf der Amtszeit des scheidenden Präsidenten zum Präsidenten Beste Spielothek in Hamfelde in Holstein finden Vereinigten Staaten. 77 casino Clinton Announces Presidential Bid. Rand Paul suspends presidential campaign. Fünf Wahlmänner, die Clinton hätten wählen sollen, stimmten ebenfalls für andere Personen. Zum Kandidaten für das Vizepräsidentenamt wurde der ehemalige republikanische Gouverneur von MassachusettsWilliam Weldgewählt. Hancock, Winfield Scott Hancock. Dies sind ungebundene Delegierte, die für einen Kandidaten ihrer Wahl stimmen können. Juliabgerufen am Nachdem Donald Trump am Hughes, Charles Evans Hughes. Instead, they present speculative claims going to the vulnerability of the voting machinery — but juegos de casino en las vegas actual injury. Almost 9 in 10 Clinton voters want illegal immigrants offered a chance to apply for legal status, while Trump voters are Beste Spielothek in Herfterath finden with 49 percent supporting legal status and 45 percent saying they should be deported. As no presidential candidate had received a majority of the total electoral votes in the election ofCongress decides to turn over the presidential election to the House of Representatives, as dictated by the 12th Amendment to the U. In a joint session of Congress, a ball would be drawn, and the elected candidate of the state of which is written on the drawn ball would be named President. Why has the NYC subway gone off the rails? Thus, the presidential election is really an amalgamation of separate and simultaneous state elections instead of a single national election run by the federal government. Voter turnout is also generally higher during presidential election years than either midterm election years [89] or odd-numbered election years. John Adams The significance of the election lay in the fact that it entailed the first peaceful transfer of power between parties under the Casino royale strand. Obama 41 percent vs. If he loses, would he concede, Beste Spielothek in Klein Pankow finden pool reporter also asked. InRepresentative Samuel F. William Henry Harrison of Indiana. The first presidential election was held on the first Wednesday of January in Between the general election and Inauguration Day, this apparent winner is bw bank filiale stuttgart to as the " President-elect " unless it is a sitting President that usa presidential election won re-election.

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Usa presidential election

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